By way of the United States Constitution, bankrputcies are a part of our federal court system. Bankruptcy cases then are heard by the United States Bankruptcy Courts which are further divided into districts. People who file for bankruptcy in the Chicago area and most of Northern Illinios will have their cases filed in the Northern District of Illinios.
If you are going to be filing for Chapter 7 relief, you don't even have to "go to court" and stand before a judge - unless something out of the normal happens. For the most part, the only place that you have to formally show up to is your 341 Creditors Meetings. Sometimes they are held at office buildings and other times they are held in a courthouse which may even be a local or state courthouse- for convenience sake.
If you are curious about bankruptcy, be sure to get a free copy of my book "Bankruptcy Myths Exposed" or give us a call to set up a free bankruptcy consultation.